Boreal Forests

Boreal forestThe boreal forests ring the uppermost Northern Hemisphere regions across the continents Europe, North America and Asia. Their vast expanse accounts for about one third of this planet's total forest area, rivalling easily with the rainforest regions of the world.

 

 

milion kmĀ²

Boreal Forests

16.6

Other Forests

33.2






Boreal Forest

 

 

The boreal forests are mosaic of successional and subclimax plant communities sensitive to varying environmental conditions, growing favourably in subarctic and cold continental climate. Long, severe winters (up to six months with mean temperatures below freezing) and short summers (50 to 100 frost-free days) are characteristic, as is a wide range of temperatures between the lows of winter and highs of summer.
The composition of these forests includes spruces, firs, and other conifers, with limited amounts of deciduous trees, mostly along waterways.